0-6 Months Baby Feeding
The most ideal and important food for 0-6 months old baby feeding is breast milk.
So what are the benefits of breast milk and what you should know about breastfeeding?
How to feed the baby who can not get breast milk?
When to switch to additional food in infants?
We told you all about 0-6 months baby feeding!
0-6 Months : How Should Baby Development Be
- In the first days of life, the newborn loses excess fluid that comes with birth and is slightly below the birth weight when he comes home.
- However, there is nothing to worry about, most babies reach the weight they were born between 10 days and 2 weeks.
- The first few weeks are very important in baby development. Babies grow rapidly during this time. In the development of a 1-month-old baby, when the weight is about 4.5 kg, its length is growth by 4-5 cm.
- The growth rate is the same as in the first weeks of 2-month baby development. 150-200 grams per week, 1-1.5 cm in length increases.
- Weight gain and height increase rapidly in the development of 3-month baby continues. Most babies take 450-750 grams in the first 6 months. Their length is about 1.25 cm.
- The growth rate of a 4 month old baby slows down a little. A 4-month-old baby weighs 350-750 grams. Its length is 1.25 cm. Weight gain in infants can reach twice the birth weight at the end of the 4th month.
- The growth rate of the 5-month-old baby is lower than the first 3 months. The 5-month-old baby is taken at 450-650 grams or slightly more. Length increases by 1.25 cm.
- Most 6-month-olds doubled their birth weight. The 6-month baby development continues similar to the previous month. 450-700 grams are taken and the height is 1.25 cm.
1. 0-6 Months Breastfeeding
What are the Benefits of Breast Milk?
Breast milk; It is the best and only food available for feeding, growing, developing and protecting the baby. It is the first vaccination for your baby of breast milk, called “colostrum” in the literature. This milk, which is about 10-40 ml, provides a very important protection mechanism for the baby.
- Breast milk produces antibodies to support the baby’s immune system against common pediatric diseases.
- It is extremely effortless, economical and does not require heating.
- Provides ease of giving directly to baby without fear of hygiene.
- It is fast to discharge from the stomach, easy to digest. Provides soft defecation.
- Skin diseases such as asthma, food allergy and eczema are less common.
- Protects against red blood cells (anemia) and sudden infant death syndrome.
- Contains almost all vitamins and minerals your baby needs.
- It provides protection against diseases such as colds, ear and urinary tract inflammation.
- Lowering cholesterol levels reduces the likelihood of developing heart attacks, strokes and diabetes.
- Breast-fed infants gain protection against obesity during adulthood.
- Feeding her baby from the breast is also important for her psychological development.
- It strengthens the bond between you and your child and makes your baby feel safe.
How should the frequency of breastfeeding be?
Milk may come at different times depending on the way it is born. If you have given birth naturally or normally, the milk will arrive immediately after birth and if you have delivered a caesarean section within about 1-3 days.
Breastfeeding is often necessary to produce long-term and abundant milk. It may not be easy to adjust the frequency of breastfeeding and the duration of breastfeeding immediately after birth. It is important to breastfeed as often as the baby wishes.
- Breastfeeding your baby frequently in the early days is one of the stimuli that increases breast milk. In this period, instead of pacifier to meet the needs of the baby other than starvation, the milk-enhancing effect of breast feeding.
- The frequency of newborn breastfeeding can be 8-12 times a day and the meals may start to open after 6-8 weeks. You should give a single breast an average of 15-20 minutes.
- It is important that breastfeeding does not exceed 3 hours. If the baby leaves the breast in less than 10 minutes, it is not able to empty the breast.
- If your baby wants to suck longer, you should switch to the other breast. It is best not to switch from one nozzle to the other without completely emptying it. If your breast is not emptied, you should start breastfeeding at the next breastfeeding.
- Breastfeeding her baby 7-8 times a day is enough. The number of breastfeeding decreases slightly until the end of the 6rd month and decreases to 4-5 per day.
- When the sixth month is completed, the transition to additional food begins. The number of breastfeeding decreases to 3-4, other meals are supplemented with additional food.
How should night feeding be done in breast-fed infants?
- The baby wants to suck at night during the 0-6 months period. Since the baby is recommended to be breastfed every 2 hours in the first month, you may need to wake up the baby at night and give milk.
- It is enough to breastfeed her 2-month-old baby only by the end of the 6th month.
- After completing the baby’s 3-month development, he can sleep 4-5 hours without holes. Therefore, you can continue to breastfeed about 2 times per night between the 3rd and 6th months.
- We can also breastfeed your baby every time cry and get hungry.
What are Breastfeeding Positions?
Good sucking of your baby will keep you saturated and increase your milk production. Breastfeeding position is important for good baby sucking. The position is also important for the absence of a wound on the nipple. Breastfeeding positions you can use when breastfeeding your baby are:
Hugging or Crib Position: Suitable for babies who were born on time with normal birth.
Cross Cradle Position: It is suitable for babies who were born on time with normal birth but cannot hold the nipple with sufficient force.
Bag Position: It is a position that can be preferred by mothers who have surgical sutures in the abdomen or special tenderness / discomfort in the abdominal region.
Reclining Position: This is the position that can be used to breastfeed in situations where it is difficult for the mother to get up.
Whichever position you choose, not only your baby’s head; your whole body should be facing you. Of course, it is not enough to apply the right breastfeeding techniques in order for the mother to be able to breastfeed effectively and the baby to suckle effectively. Breastfeeding environment, psychology, in short, breastfeeding comfort is also important.
What are the obstacles to breastfeeding?
- Some physiological problems experienced despite all the precautions taken,
- Conditions requiring the baby to be separated from the mother immediately after birth,
- Low birth weight baby,
- Having a premature baby may prevent breastfeeding.
Nutrition in Breastfeeding: What Foods and Beverages Increase Breast Milk?
The first time after birth is difficult for every new mother. Causes such as insomnia, fatigue, adaptation to new life may affect the amount of breastfeeding and breast milk.
How Does Breast Milk Increase?
- Under these conditions, you can be calm, peaceful and comfortable, get a good sleep, increase your baby’s breastfeeding milk in the right position.
- Drink plenty of liquid milk is one of the most important keys to increase. Drink at least 2.5-3 liters of water per day, fruit compotes without sugar added, some herbal teas such as fennel and linden help you to increase milk production. Island tea, mint tea, bird grass, thyme and parsley tea is not recommended because it reduces milk production.
- Green leafy vegetables, eggs, apricots, meaty vegetables and legumes also help to improve milk health in the nutrition program. However, it is helpful to avoid gas-producing foods.
Is it necessary to give water to the baby who is breastfed?
- Breast milk contains enough water. Only breastfed infants do not need water until they are 4-6 months old.
- Giving water to the baby who takes breast milk before the supplementary food period affects the milk production negatively.
- In the past, the baby was given little water to clean her mouth after breastfeeding and to prevent thrush. Nowadays, scientific studies have shown that even water is not necessary.
Can a Baby Feeded with Breast Milk be given Additional Food before 6 Months?
It is not possible for a baby who grows and develops sufficiently with breast milk in the 0-6 months period to need different food or food supplements.
What Are the Dangers of Early Start of Supplementary Food?
- Switching to supplementary food, even when it is not needed or without the advice of your doctor, may have some harm.
- If you are breastfeeding your baby, starting additional food early may reduce the amount and yield of milk.
- Since it can affect components such as iron and zinc in the milk, absorption of these minerals may be reduced.
- Early supplementary food intake may strain the baby’s digestive tract and increase the risk of infection and diarrhea.
2. Infant Nutrition in Need of Formula Support for 0-6 Months
How to tell if breast milk is sufficient?
- The best indicator of whether breastmilk is sufficient for the baby is the baby’s weight gain rate and growth.
- The baby loses approximately 10% of the birth weight in the first ten days. Then, by gaining weight, it reaches birth weight when it fills the second week.
- At the end of the second week, the baby’s weight is the same as the birth weight, indicating that everything is fine.
- If the baby receives an average of 600-900 grams each month in the first 6 months and the weight of the 6-month-old baby has doubled the birth weight, it is sufficient to gain weight.
How to Follow Growth in Infants
The growth monitoring of the baby is carried out by separate percentile tables for boys and girls and regularly;
- Body weight,
- Head circumference should be measured.
As a result of these measurements, the baby has a percentile value between 3 and 97 and the change in this percentile value is monitored regularly. If in this monitoring; anything prevents growth, it is important to seek help from an expert for detection and intervention.
3. 0-6 Months Baby Feeding
Formula Feeding : 0-6 Months Baby Feeding Program
It may not be possible to give breastmilk to your baby when it is very necessary to use certain medications that should not be used when breastfeeding,
If you can’t get breast milk, you should feed your baby with formula formula.
The first formula you will give after the birth of the baby is 30 cc / ml. Depending on the baby’s growth, you can increase the formula as follows.
1 month baby feeding without breast milk: 30-90 ml at a meal to her baby 6-8 times a day,
2-month baby feeding without breast milk: 90-150 ml at a meal to her baby 6-7 times a day,
3-month baby feeding without breast milk: 180-200 ml at a meal to the baby 5-6 times a day,
4-month baby feeding without breast milk: 180-240 ml at a meal to her baby 4-5 times a day,
5-month baby feeding without breast milk: 200-240 ml at a meal to her baby 4-5 times a day,
Your baby does not need additional iron for the first 4-6 months. However, the American Academy of Pediatrics believes that babies who cannot or are not breastfed should be given iron-supplemented foods (from 4 to 12 mg of iron) from birth to 1 year of age.
Can 4-6 Months Old Babies Switch to Supplementary Food?
In infants, no additional food is allowed before 6 months. In cases where the baby cannot get breast milk, the continuation milk that is given is a substitute for breast milk.
How Should Baby Feeding 4 Months Old?
- In feeding a 4-month-old baby, the most important source of food is still breast milk (if any) or formula.
- Even if you hear the rumor that cereals and other solid foods can be started for a 4-month-old baby, you should postpone it until you have clear signs that the baby is ready for solid food.
How Should 5-Month Baby Feeding Be?
- Still the most important food source for your 5-month-old baby is breast milk and formula.
- Although some sources mention that solid food can be given to 5-month-old babies, additional food is not recommended by many experts before 6 months.
How Should 6-Month Baby Feeding Be?
Breast milk basically covers everything in the baby’s diet. However, a 6-month-old baby begins to need vitamins and life, which are no longer in breast milk, in the nutrients in nature. The baby’s need for both nutrients and calories increases significantly week by week.
You can trust 1-2 common vegetables at the same time when starting vegetables. Vegetables, carrots, parsnips, zucchini, zucchini, broccoli, cauliflower, avocado, potatoes, sweet potatoes, green beans you can choose. You can cook in steam, lightly in water or in the oven with olive oil on greaseproof paper.
Food: Vegetable Purees!
Fruit, apples, pears, bananas, apricots, plums and peaches can give.
Dairy products, eggs, nuts, seeds, fish and seafood for the first time you should not give in a same day.
Also, give your baby the first additional food you started to give alone for 3-4 days. Then, if you present each additional food you give along with other foods that haven’t created a problem before, you can tell if he has an allergy to it.